Today I had the pleasure to participate on a panel moderated by Maher Nasser, Director, Outreach Division UN DPI with;
- Jeffrey Sachs, Director of The Earth Institute and Quetelet Professor of Sustainable Development at Columbia University; Special Adviser to United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon and Director of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network.
- Nikhil Seth, Director of the Division for Sustainable Development, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA).
- Cassandra Dutt, Civil Engineering, Theater and Architecture major in the Integrated Degree in Engineering and Arts & Sciences (IDEAS) Honors Program, Lehigh University Class of 2013.
- Mark Orrs, Director and Professor of Practice, Sustainable Development Program, Lehigh University.
We were discussing the challenges to sustainable development, with a focus on mobilizing and preparing youth to become problem-solvers for the issues that will define their era: economic well-being, environmental protection, and social inclusion.
I wanted to share my contribution in todays blog.
A call to action for Sustainable Development
As someone with Nikhil who has been involved in sustainable development at the UN for the past twenty years I wanted to share some reflections post Rio+20. I want to just focus on 3 points:
First - What is the legacy of Rio+20?
To do this we need to look back to what was achieved at the Earth Summit in 1992. That Earth Summit was amazing it agreed:
Agenda 21 - a blueprint to what needed to be done for us to move to a more sustainable development path. It still is the best document produced in the UN as each section has a narrative based on Basic for Action, Objectives and Activities - I would if I had the chance make the structure mandatory for all UN documents.
It also negotiated 2 conventions - the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Rio Declaration and the Forest Principles. Not to mention set up the UN Commission on Sustainable Development and agreed to a new Convention on Combating Desertification to be negotiated within two years.
Forward ten years and the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 happened under the long shadow of 9/11 and the lack of delivery on the 1992 agreements, it mostly defended advances made in Rio. Even the positives of WSSD didn't amount to much. Within four years President Mbeki of South Africa address the UN General Assembly said:
“Precisely because of the absence of a global partnership for development, the Doha Development Round has almost collapsed…we have not implemented the on Monterrey Consensus for Financing for Development, thus making it difficult for the majority of the developing countries, especially those in Africa, to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, and have reduced the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation to an insignificant and perhaps forgotten piece of paper.”
In 2007 the UN CSD for the first time did not agree any policy in what was termed the Energy Cycle. Then in 2009 as we all know the huge failure of the Climate Conference of the Parties to the UNFCCC in Copenhagen - failed. By now sustainable development was dead.
So what did Rio+20 achieve? Well I am sure many of you have heard all the negative press, which was often written by journalists or opinion makers who were not there. One of the vital meetings for Rio+20 was the Solo meeting where Columbia and Guatemala put on the table the idea of Sustainable Development Goals. NGOs and other stakeholders met in September 2011 in Bonn at the UN DPI 64th NGO Conference 'Sustainable Societies - Responsive Citizens', where I had the pleasure of the Chairing the Conference. It came out with a chairs text which put on the table for the first time a set of possible Sustainable Development Goals - 17 were put forward. The UN shared the outcome in their briefing issue briefings ensuring they were therefore put in front of governments.
Rio+20 may go down as one of the most important conferences the UN has held. I could go over a number of its successes but i will focus on one, the agreement to have at the centre of any new global development goal framework the Sustainable Development Goals. This gives us a real chance to focus the political world on a small set of goals that will move us on to a sustainable path.
This brings me to my second point: We need to focus on replicating solutions at the right level.
If we are going to move towards living on this planet sustainably then we need solutions and that is why i am a huge fan of what Jeffrey is doing at the Earth Institute and with the recently set up Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) which will help mobilize scientific and technical expertise from academia, civil society, and the private sector in support of sustainable-development problem solving at local, national, and global scales. It has identified some ten key areas it plans to work on.
The one I think is so critical is that of smart, healthy and productive cities. By 2030 urban areas in the developing world will triple and in the next 25 years in China 300 million people will move to cities that have yet to be built. Cities consume 75-80% of the worlds resources and produce 70% of the waste. Why is this important, it is because so many of is now live in urban areas and we can relate to the changes that are needed and be part of the solution ourselves.
This makes it an enormously positive and empowering space.
This then brings me to my final point - The need for empowering space for new entrepreneurs.
Rio+20 was about economy - about how we create a more inclusive, fairer and greener economy. The world we live in today is one of interconnectedness and we have seen the way social media has had impacts on governments and companies and on elections. This generation is a network generation and one which by and large is more entrepreneur leaning than those of the past.
In part this is also because of the nature of youth employment. What governments needs to do is look at ways to promote that Entrepreneurial spirit that many of us have. They can do that through a number of ways such as: appropriate education; through making it easier for people to try new ideas; through enabling funding through innovation banks which could be linked to knowledge banks.
This generation is one that is acutely aware of what we are doing to this planet. Hurricane Sandy put climate change back onto the map. When you have Bloomberg Businessweek's front page saying "Its Global Warming, Stupid" then clearly its real.
This generation and the next ones should be empowered to be the entrepreneurs working in the budding industries of the twenty first century and many of those need to be green.
It was Albert Einstein who said:
"We can't solve problems by using the same kind of thinking we used when we created them."
We need new ideas, new ways of working and new ways of living if not then another of his quotes may also ring true......
"Two things are infinite: the universe and human stupidity; and I'm not sure about the universe."
"Only One Earth - The Long Road via Rio to Sustainable Development" is a great Xmas present for anyone. It looks at the history of the last twenty years and the challenges for the future. Written by Felix Dodds and Michael Strauss with Maurice Strong
"Felix Dodds, Michael Strauss and Maurice Strong uses their intimate experience of UN processes to detail the long and sometimes painful journey from the Stockholm summit of 1972 towards Rio +20 in 2012. The distillation of history would be useful to anyone new to the issues. But more important is the dissection of the various forces at play, including trade, competitive development, aid and environmental awareness. Those forces are still here, and will play a major role in shaping the path towards global sustainability - or not - well beyond Rio." –
Richard Black, BBC Environment Correspondent
"The first Rio Earth Conference set us on three tracks to sustainable development – social, environmental, economic. In this definitive book, Maurice Strong, one of the architects of that iconic conference, joins with Felix Dodds and Michael Strauss to review the convergence and collisions on the development journey since 1992 and to consider how Rio+20 can truly become a platform for achieving 'the future we want.' Their relevant and enduring message – we are all shareholders in Earth Incorporated and have a responsibility to take the most sustainable paths to prosperity, for people and planet." –
H. Elizabeth Thompson L, Assistant Secretary-General, Executive Coordinator UN Conference on Sustainable Development Rio+20 and former Minister for Energy and Environment of Barbados.